Recognizing the Symptoms of Early Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious dental problem in the United States, with approximately 50% of adults over 30 showing mild-to-severe signs. This chronic inflammatory condition caused by bacteria is also known as gum disease and is the leading cause of tooth loss. When ignored, the bacteria causing periodontal disease can also enter your bloodstream, increasing your chances of several complications, including:

With these risks, it’s essential to take periodontal disease seriously and learn to recognize its symptoms early on so you and your dentist can take action quickly to protect your oral and overall health.

Our experienced team at Marietta Dental & Implant Center can help determine if you’re experiencing periodontal disease symptoms or another dental condition. Here are just a few signs of periodontal disease to watch for. 

Developing swollen, sore, or bleeding gums

You can have anywhere from mild to severe periodontal disease. The earliest stage is gingivitis, the medical term for inflamed, swollen gums. During this stage, it’s also common to have gums that bleed when you floss or brush your teeth, and they can also feel tender or sore to the touch. Fortunately, improving your brushing and flossing habits can help reverse or prevent these symptoms.

Living with chronic bad breath

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease triggered by the buildup of bacteria on your teeth and gums that hardens into plaque. The bacteria involved produce toxins, which can lead to several issues, ranging from gum irritation to damaging tissues in your mouth. While these changes may be painless, they often cause persistent and foul-smelling breath. It’s also common to have an unpleasant taste in your mouth.  

Noticing tooth sensitivity

If taking a sip of a cold or hot beverage makes you wince because of tooth pain, you could be experiencing the early symptoms of periodontal disease. This increased sensitivity starts because the inflammation caused by the disease can pull back or destroy your gum tissue and bone, leaving tooth roots exposed. Even though your tooth pain or sensitivity may be temporary, you should still talk to your dentist if you notice it happening regularly. 

Having loose teeth

When periodontal disease progresses, your gum tissue pulls away from your teeth. As a result, gaps form, and your permanent teeth become less stable. You might notice one loose tooth, or several. To avoid losing these teeth, your dentist can check the depth of the pockets surrounding them to determine whether you have gum disease. 

Fortunately, when diagnosed early enough, periodontal disease treatment tends to be mild. These therapies may include having an antibiotic injected at points of inflammation and improving your dental practices, like scheduling professional cleanings more frequently and using better flossing and brushing techniques. With more advanced periodontal disease, you may need deep cleaning treatments, known as scaling and root planing, to control the infection and remove the diseased tissue. 

To learn more, start improving your dental health, and prevent or manage gum disease, schedule an exam at Marietta Dental & Implant Center in Marietta, Georgia, by calling us at 770-637-5277 or by using our online booking feature

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